window shutter buying guide

Everything You Need to Know About Window Shutters

In Domicile Blinds Tips by Connie Powell

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Shutters on windows are installed for privacy, to control sunlight and to enhance your home’s curb appeal. Both interior and exterior shutters offer benefits for homeowners, and because there are so many choices on the market today, this guide covers everything you need to know before you decide what kind of window shutters to buy.

What are window shutters?

There are interior shutters and exterior shutters available for homes. Interior shutters are window treatments that are used in place of curtains or blinds. They offer privacy, enable you to control the amount of light in your home and add to the design and style of your home. Exterior shutters boost your home’s energy efficiency, improve its curb appeal and can also enhance your privacy, depending on the type you install.

Difference between interior and exterior shutters

Shutters for windows have become popular as more and more people discover their aesthetic and practical benefits. If you are wondering which kind to buy, here’s a review of the differences between exterior and interior shutters:

Exterior shutters

As the name suggests, exterior shutters are installed on the outside of your home. Decorative shutters can be installed on virtually any type of home. They are available in a plethora of styles, designs and colours, giving you the freedom to personalise your home’s exterior. For those living in areas prone to extreme weather conditions, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and tornadoes, outdoor window shutters can help prevent the windows from getting damaged by debris. You can also install exterior shutters for security purposes as a deterrent for burglars.

Interior shutters

Since they are installed inside, you have more control over the daily operation of interior shutters to control airflow, lighting and privacy. You can also install interior shutters for energy-saving purposes. Closed interior shutters can trap warmed air in your house during the winter, thus helping you save on heating costs. In the warmer months, shutters can keep sunlight from making rooms too hot.

Materials for house shutters

When installing shutters on windows, one of the primary factors you need to consider is their material which should complement your home’s colour scheme and architectural style. Options include:

  • Wood shutters: These are perfect for a classic look. Wood is the material of choice when it comes to plantation shutters. Wood can be painted, shaped and stained in different ways to suit your preferences. However, wooden shutters might not be ideal for bathrooms and kitchens, as they cannot withstand prolonged exposure to water and moisture.
  • Wood composite shutters: Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is a common alternative to wood shutters. MDF shutters are made of compacted softwoods and hardwoods, thus making the shutters quite durable and economical.
  • Plastic shutters: When looking for a shutter material that can withstand abuse from the elements and moisture, plastic is arguably the best option. Plastic shutters are relatively affordable and easy to install and maintain.
  • Hurricane shutters: Hurricane shutters are made of aluminum or steel and are ideal for all types of homes. They are lightweight and can be installed both indoors and outdoors. Unlike wood or plastic shutters, hurricane shutters are not prone to cracks, rot or warping. On the downside, they are prone to rust and corrosion, particularly if they are untreated.

Exterior window shutters

Installing exterior shutters adds depth and architectural detail and protect the windows from harsh weather. The different types of exterior shutters include:

Louvered shutters

Exterior louvred shutters feature angled slats that allow light and air to pass through. Initially, their sole purpose was for rain protection. Thematically, the best fit Victorian, Colonial and traditional-style houses. Louvred shutters can be fixed or movable and can be made of wood, MDF, vinyl, aluminium or steel. Standard vinyl louvred shutters cost between £30 – £100 depending on the size and material. Keep in mind that the slats can sometimes get in the way, limiting the amount of light you’re able to let into the room.

Raised panel

Raised panel shutters look more or less like kitchen cabinets or doors. They enhance traditional Colonial, country-cottage, Georgian, Federal and Victorian homes. Vinyl raised panel shutters to cost about £25 – £50 a pair, depending on the brand. These shutters might not be ideal for tilt-in windows.

Board and batten shutters

Commonly referred to as “B&B shutters,” board and batten shutters consist of several boards that are held together by a horizontal or z-shaped panel on the back. These shutters are ideal for barn-style buildings, country bungalows and cabin homes. Board and batten shutters are mostly made of wood but also come in vinyl. Board and batten shutters cost between £80 – £400 a pair. Compared to other types, B&B shutters require more time to install and are harder to maintain.

Plantation shutters

Plantation or contemporary shutters have become a common replacement for curtains and blinds. They originated from the South and were used in homes on plantations. They are characterised by tilted wooden louvres which help with ventilation and light control. Plantation shutters are available in a range of materials, with the most common being vinyl and MDF. You can DIY plantation shutters or have professionals install them. Plantation shutters cost you between £50 – £350 per pair, depending on the material. Plantation shutters can be custom-built, which will typically cost more than a shutter you could pick up yourself from a local store.

Cut-out shutters

Cut-out shutters are an example of custom exterior shutters. They can be raised panel or board and batten, but feature a cut-out design. Common cut-outs include hearts, stars and even palm trees for beach homes. The price of cut-out shutters depends on the complexity. As they are custom-made, they tend to be pricier compared to other types of shutters but can add a lot of personality to your home.


Scandinavian shutters first started in the Alpine regions to protect homes from snowstorms and blizzards. Today, they are typically used in places that experience hurricanes and extreme weather conditions for additional reinforcement to the windows. They are characterised by board and batten designs, bright colours and cut-outs. As the design is more or less like that of B&B shutters, their prices are usually similar as well. As they are more durable to withstand extreme weather conditions, keep in mind they can be harder to operate.


You can mix one or more shutter styles. For instance, you may choose louvred, raised-panel shutters with a cut-out design. These often custom shutters are ideal for people who want to achieve a one-of-a-kind look in their homes. The price of your combination shutters depends on the design you choose.

What to think about before buying outdoor shutters

To get the most out of your exterior shutters, you need to consider a few factors. The shutters’ size needs to be such that they can cover the windows when they are closed. They should give the illusion that they are usable though they might not be operable. Their colour should also complement your home’s exterior. Another factor you need to consider when choosing your home’s exterior shutters is the shutter material. Different materials have different characteristics when it comes to their appearance, durability and functionality. Due to exposure to the elements, exterior shutters should be strong and moisture-proof. You also need to consider the type of operation you prefer for your exterior shutters. Some of the most common options are bi-fold, fixed, hinged and sliding shutters.

Interior window shutters

Interior window shutters have become a common window treatment because of their convenient, flexible, hassle-free and versatile nature. They are great at regulating the amount of light that gets into your home and offering you privacy. The different types of interior shutters include:

Shaker style

Shaker-style shutters are similar to raised-panel shutters, but they have a flat body. These types of shutters are made of wood and are available in a wide range of colours. They are ideal for rooms where you do not want much light coming through, such as a bedroom. On average, shaker-style interior shutters will cost you £100 – £250. Shaker-style shutters are purely installed for aesthetic purposes as they aren’t adjustable.

Café shutters

As the name suggests, café shutters were inspired by French cafés. They normally cover the bottom half of the window and feature a louvred design. Café shutters are available in a wide range of colours, can be made of wood or vinyl and start at £20. Café shutters do not provide you with complete light blockage since they cover only half of the window.

Tier on tier

While these shutters cover the whole window, the top and bottom tiers can be operated independently. This versatility means you can fold back either of the shutters to give you an unobstructed view of the outdoors. As such, they are perfect for living rooms or patios. The average cost of tier-on-tier shutters is £15 – £40 per square foot. These shutters are great for large windows, but they can sometimes overpower small ones.

Solid panel

A solid panel shutter is neither slatted nor louvred. For this reason, they let in less light compared to other interior shutters. They are made of hardwood and are normally available in a variety of colours and stains. Solid panel shutters do a great job of creating a peaceful and dark bedroom while not completely blocking out the light. An average solid panel shutter will cost you £100 – £250. Keep in mind that since they are opened and closed on horizontal or vertical slats, they can be rather difficult to clean.

What to consider before buying indoor shutters

Before choosing indoor shutters for your home, you need to consider what style and functionality will suit your home best. Do you need more privacy? What amount of light do you want to let in? You might consider talking to an interior designer or an architect who will help you to settle on a shutter-style that suits your needs. Another consideration is the material used for your indoor shutters. Interior shutters are made of polyurethane, vinyl and wood. Polyurethane and vinyl shutters are long-lasting and require minimal care and maintenance. Wooden interior shutters might need to be treated annually to prevent moulding as a result of exposure to moist environments.

Final thoughts on window shutters

Shutters are a practical window treatment option that lights up your space and increases your home’s privacy. They can be installed on the interior or exterior of any room. Even cheap exterior shutters and cheap plantation shutters can help keep your windows safer in a storm. Any outside window shutters have the potential to add curb appeal and value to your home while indoor window shutters add interest and controversy to the light.

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